OpenPGP is a non-proprietary format for authenticating or encrypting data, using public key cryptography.
It is based on the original PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) software.
Beginning in 1997, the OpenPGP Working Group was formed in the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) to define this standard that had formerly been a proprietary product since 1991.
Over the past decade, PGP, and later OpenPGP, has become the standard for nearly all of the world’s signed or encrypted email.
OpenPGP also defines a standard format for certificates which, unlike most other certificate formats, enables webs of trust.